Pillar Coral. Each polyp is a sac-like animal typically only a few millimeters in diameter and a few centimeters in height. It is a coral species with varying locations. Pillar coral is a hard coral in the shape of a pillar. Florent's Guide To The Caribbean Reefs - Pillar Coral - Dendrogyra cylindrus - Stony Corals - - Stony Corals - Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida - common name scientific name; Black coral : Acropara spp. A solitary coral individual is called a corallum ... these are also called rugae ("ruga" is Latin for wrinkled), which gives this group of corals their scientific name (thus, rugose corals are the "wrinkled corals"). The Clubbed Finger coral also goes by the name of Cat’s Paw coral. Coral species include the important reef builders that inhabit tropical oceans and secrete calcium carbonate to form a hard skeleton. The septa radiate outwards from a central pillar-like structure called the columella. Pillar coral are now classified as almost extinct since the remaining male and female clusters are too far apart to reproduce. Like its name suggests, staghorn coral is a species of coral that looks a bit like the antlers of a male deer. Coral Facts. Distribution / Background Psammocora Coral Information: The Green Stony Pillar Coral Psammocora contigua was described by Esper in 1797. The scientific name of Pillar coral is Dendrogyra cylindricus. Elkhorn coral is named for its resemblance to elk antlers. Pillar coral possesses one of the most distinct morphologies of any coral species, with colonies forming several large spires that may reach 2 metres in height. Main Prey Plankton, Fish, Shrimp Distinctive Feature Variety of colours and full of holes for species to hind in Habitat Tropical Oceans Predators Starfish, Marine slugs and snails Diet Omnivore Average Litter Size 1,000s. This coral is a member to the Animalia Kingdom, and the phylum Cnidaria(Colenterata). Pillar coral A popular choice as a home for lobsters, parrot-fish, snappers and other reef fish. Soft Corals continued in Coral Identification: Types Of Coral (Part 1) Black coral : Favia spp. Pillar coral Dendrogyra cylindrus Ehrenberg, 1834 Description: Colonies form numerous, heavy, cylindrical spires, that grow upwards from an encrusting base mass. Paige Gill, FKNMS. Coral Location: Ocean. The coral is known to have a speedy rate of growing. The coral is digitate coral meaning its strong skeleton is in the shape of fingers. The Pillar coral is huge and can reach up to 3 metres. It can be found in the eastern parts of Africa, Madagascar up to the Red Sea. Elkhorn coral colonies are incredibly fast growing with an average growth rate of 5 to 10 centimetres (2.0 to 3.9 in) per year and can eventually grow up to 3.7 metres (12 ft) in diameter. Commonly known as Pillar Coral, colonies of this species are found in flat, sheltered locations ranging from the southern tip of Florida down to the coast of Venezuela. Scientific name Family: Siderastreidae Species: Psammocora contigua. Scientific Name Anthozoa Coral Conservation Status: Near Threatened. Some common names they are known for are Dark Green Contigua and Branched Sandpaper Coral, and Pillar Coral. Black coral : Millepora spp. Pillar coral in the Flordia Aquarium greenhouse in Tampa, Florida. A coral "group" is a colony of myriad genetically identical polyps. Up to the Red Sea male and female clusters are too far apart to reproduce the Red Sea ``... Contigua was described by Esper in 1797 Anthozoa coral Conservation Status: Near Threatened `` group is! Resemblance to elk antlers named for its resemblance to elk antlers and coral. Antlers of a male deer elkhorn coral is named for its resemblance elk. 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