Underneath the picture, divide the space in half and write “Cause” at the top of the left side and “Effect” at the top of the right side. With the increasing rigor in college and high school, standards are being raised in elementary school, too. Choose your grade / topic: Grade 1 - Cause and Effect Worksheets . Looking for cause and effect gives students an opportunity to look carefully at the consequences of characters' actions and to think about how different actions might have different effects. Everyone can use a little help with cause and effect. Proprioception Exercises as Sensory Diet for Children in Montessori. Use a projector to display the handout and model how to complete the worksheet. They will read a passage and have to determine what the effect and cause are. When a student or two finishes early or has some free time, have them test their mastery of cause and effect by having them play free online games that will both challenge them and reiterate what you taught. This series of articles discusses activities and lesson plans you can use to teach your students these skills. 10. Step 4: Distribute The Butterfly Effect Worksheet printable. Have them list several effects of staying up too late at night. Some of them are a bit outlandish, but kids will enjoy and find memorable the wild scenarios. Kids will read simple scenarios and decide which effect best fits the cause. Read each sentence. In many cases, an effect can result from many causes and the exact nature of these relationships can be difficult to determine.The following are illustrative examples of cause and effect. Cause and effect phrases are essential because they allow the speaker to state reasons clearly and accurately. What Is a Cause and Effect Essay. The effect is what happened, and it occurs after the cause. Circle the most likely cause of each effect, and vice versa. I have thoroughly tested this MicroLesson with actual students in real-life, public, middle school classrooms--the vast majority of students became engaged, responsive, and productive (even the class clowns). If you practiced playing the piano every day, what would happen? We’d love to hear in our WeAreTeachers HELPLINE group on Facebook. Related Skills: Cause/Effect, Fact/Opinion, Sequencing. Teaching cause and effect can be tough, but there are some techniques you can use to help your students understand how it works. 1 Brainstorming cause/effect topics. Keep it folded and use a ruler to mark off the three-, six-, and 9-inch spots near the top and bottom. Teaching kids cause and effect develops critical thinking skills important for all ages of children — from the 2-year-old deciding not to run across the street to the 12-year-old deciding how to handle peer pressure.We hope these books guide kids into many thoughtful conversations that … Take 9×12 construction paper (landscape format) and have kids fold it in half and then unfold it. Ideas, Inspiration, and Giveaways for Teachers. Ask students to contribute instances of outcomes that resulted from the characters' actions in the short story. Be sure that students understand that a cause is an action or event the makes something else (the effect) happen. Free Primary ELA Cause and Effect Printables 1. Maybe, If an elephant jumped into a tiny pool, what would happen? Even daily life experiences depend on understanding cause and effect. While it may seem intuitive to adults, cause and effect can be a really challenging concept for kids. Draw a line from the top to the bottom at each marked spot. Students then record the cause and the effect for each sentence onto a worksheet (or underline them in the text). Due t… Grades 2 and up. The causes might be a cat bumped into it, a baby tried to drink from it, it was too close to the edge of the table, a mom poured too much by mistake, kids were playing ball in the house, and the ball hit it, etc. As a result 4. Encourage students to draw a picture of your actions during the cause and effect scenario. When they finish, encourage them to share their sentences with the class. Then kids draw arrows away from the picture and write possible effects. Ahead of time, write causes on sentence strips and matching effects on other sentence strips. Are you looking for ways to teach cause and effect? 1. Here, cause-and-effect diagram is used to explore the possible causes of p oor performance o f the students in order to check the ef fectiveness of the teaching – learning proce ss. These are worksheets and creative ideas for students in first grade, second grade or third grade to match a cause with the most-reasonable effect. Filing Cabinet. Jenn creates resources as The Teacher Next Door. Use this handout to help them and then have them practice by making up their own cause-and-effect sentences or by doing a version of the sentence-strips activity outlined above. Once the pair has finished their cards, they mix them up, place them in an envelope, and write their names on the front. Cause and effect is a type of relationship between events whereby a cause creates an effect. The cause always happens first, even if it isn’t mentioned first. The driver got into an accident because they were texting. Similar to the above cause-and-effect lesson plan, but instead of unfolding the paper, just leave it folded like a greeting card. I helped to paint it, and I am in it. For example: The plant will grow because we watered it consistently. The girl is sad because she dropped her ice cream cone. HOLIDAY GIVEAWAYS FOR TEACHERS, Classroom Coding & Robotics … Everything You Need to Get Started, Protected: Classroom Talk-to-Text Project, 12 Dice Games Teachers and Students Will Love, Join the WeAreTeachers Influencer Network. This cause-and-effect lesson is a great way to get kids out of their seats and moving. When you say “go,” have the kids walk around until they find a match. Teach upper elementary students that certain words, like because, since, due to, and if … then, or words that help sequence events, like first and then, are signals that can help them find the cause or effect as they read. See more ideas about cause and effect, reading classroom, teaching reading. Once the flip book is created, kids draw four causes on the front and then lift each flap and draw four effects underneath. Oct 25, 2018 - Explore Virginia Brotherson's board "Cause and Effect", followed by 2264 people on Pinterest. When English as a Second Language (ESL) students begin to form more complex sentences, it's important for them to understand the relationships between phrases. When water is heated, the molecules move quickly, therefore the water boils. Cause and Effect Essays Topics: What Does This Assignment Mean? Help students see that the setup of the experiment is the cause and what happens (the result) is the effect. The effect card that matches it might say: The baby birds hatched out of their eggs. and regular magazines, or find them online on free-to-use sites like Pixabay. As you introduce cause and effect, an anchor chart can help reinforce the concept. This worksheet for first and second graders introduces students to an important part of plot and storytelling. Grade 2 - Identifying Cause and Effect . Use pictures for students to infer cause and effect. While this list is not exhaustive, it's a good starting point for most ESL learners. Students find the cause and the effect within a sentence in a reading passage or from a list of example sentences provided by the teacher. For example, if you ate too much candy at one time, what would happen? Write “Cause” above the picture, as well as a word or two explaining the cause. Visit her TpT store or blog. Help your students connect the dots in the relationship between cause and effect in well-loved stories for some great, high quality lesson plans! Have them “scoop” the cause (the ice cream) and put in on the effect (the cone) with this game. In other words, the cause and effect! You can call for volunteers right away or better yet, put the actors into small groups and give them five to 10 minutes to practice before showing the class. There are different kinds of cause and effect writings – sentences and essays. If you need more help with other basic writing skills, try this paragraph and essay writing class. Identify why something happened in a text. Look for pictures that have a lot going on in them because kids are going to be looking for several causes and effects, not just one. As you (or, even better, a student) demonstrate these examples, ask your kids the cause and the effect for each. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - 4th Grade Cause And Effect. The most basic way to teach cause and effect structure in a text is to help students identify the proper signal words. This cause-and-effect lesson plan could be done after kids have mastered the basics. Write the phrases “because,” “so,” “therefore,” “as a result of,” “due to,” and any other appropriate signal words on the board. When you begin teaching cause and effect, read students a simple cause and effect sentence, such as “I went outside in the rain, so I got wet.” Explain to students that this phrase shows a cause and an effect. Effect: Peter became Spiderman and started fighting crime in New York City. Then draw three more complex cause-and-effect organizers on the board. The cards just have to be big enough that the kids can draw or write on them. For example, if the picture is of a sunny beach, the cause is the hot sun. You run fast and earn a trophy. Discover some simple activities that can be done at home and in the backyard to help build your child's understanding of cause and effect. Perhaps nothing exemplifies cause and effect better than an experiment. They’re great to refer back to when reviewing and are helpful for kids to look at when working independently. A cause-and-effect paragraph or essay can be organized in various ways. The situations you include could be: You’re playing baseball, and a window breaks. Unfold the page and cut on the three lines from the bottom to the fold. Or: If we mix the colors yellow and blue, then we will make green. Copyright © 2020. I love to think outside the box and find ways to teach reading skills in a variety of ways to meet the needs of all learners. Copyright © 2020 Bright Hub Education. Intermediate: Encourage students to … Allow students time to complete. Tell the kids that they may make sound effects but may not use words. Because the alarm was not set, we were late for work. How do you help your students understand cause and effect? Give your class real scenarios and ask what would happen. Kids brainstorm and write down lots of different causes and effects for the same picture by looking at it in many ways. Discuss possible outcomes for each topic. Presentation addresses signal words, examples, and cause and effect textual prac The next day, set the envelopes around the room, like you’re having a scavenger hunt, and have pairs travel around the room with their partners to open envelopes, match causes and effects, mix the cards back up, put them back in the envelope, and move to the next open set. Grade Levels: 2nd … Another day, use different pictures and repeat the activity but switch it so the word “Effect” is above the picture, as well as a word or two explaining the effect. Not everything is classroom friendly, and even if it were, it could be a distraction. Next, the pairs work together to come up with four different cause-and-effect events to record on their cards. Or If you saw an alien, what would happen? This cause-and-effect lesson plan could be done after kids have mastered the basics. View PDF. And so on. Prepare slips of paper ahead of time with ideas for students to act out. The easiest way to clarify the cause and effect definition is by taking a look at an example: Cause: Peter Parker stumbled into a hi-tech science lab and was bitten by a radioactive spider. Or, put students in teams and have them test their mettle in this game of cause-and-effect Jeopardy!. This unit provides a variety of options for elementary to high school students to hone this important reading skill. Emphasize the importance of identifying the key phrases that let the reader know that the text is expressing cause and effect. Here are 15 cause-and-effect lesson plans and starter ideas that are simple but effective to help your students master this reading concept. Reading strategies such as identifying cause and effect, noticing the main idea and details, or comparing and contrasting, can help students read more effectively. You jump on the bed and get scolded. For example, have them list several of the factors that might cause two people to become friends. Glue the picture to the top of a piece of construction paper (portrait format) or a piece of chart paper. This comprehensive, student-friendly 30-slide PowerPoint will do the trick! As a class, identify the cause and effect in each sentence. Once kids are in pairs, give each child two cards of each color. All rights reserved. Let your students imagine causes and effects for different situations! Have students connect the idea of cause and effect to their own lives. If you never brushed your teeth, what would happen? Lesson Plans & Worksheets for Grades 3 to 5, This post is part of the series: Reading Strategy Activities and Lesson Plans, Interactive Activities on Finding the Main Idea, Reading Structures Lesson Plan: Cause and Effect. Plus, check out our tips for guided reading. B y knowing the There are several great picture books, such as If You Swallow a Mouse, that demonstrate cause and effect well. Engage students with graphic organizers for mapping out causes and effects. Then, as a class or in small groups, work together to come up with a simple hypothesis, using the words highlighted above. If possible, have them take out their science or social studies textbooks, find examples of cause and effect, and explain how identifying the cause and effect can help them understand what they’re reading. Continue asking similar questions, using the same frame of if (the cause) and what (the effect). You might want to prep them for little ones, but older kids can usually make their own. Gather a few items to use as cause-and-effect examples ahead of time. Gather some interesting pictures from classroom magazines (Scholastic, Weekly Reader, etc.) To add some fun, you might even make it silly. Since 3. A football team makes a touchdown, and the crowd cheers. I would suggest NOT letting the kids search for pictures. Write “Cause” at the top of the left side and “Effect” at the top of the right side. Skill: Identify/Analyze/Infer Cause-Effect Relations I See Myself 4th Grade Fiction Center for Urban Education ©2007 I was part of our school mural. Analyzing cause and effect. Alternatively, points can be presented in terms of emphasis, … In this animated reading and writing resource page with lesson plans and teaching tips, for kindergarten to 3rd grade students, you'll explore different examples of cause and effect relationships. Cause and effect is something everyone learns in elementary school. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Cause and effect, Cause and effect, Skill identifyanalyzeinfer cause effect relations, Cause effect, Cause and effect short passages 4th grade, Cause and effect, Skill identifyanalyzeinfer cause effect relations grade, Cause and effect short passages 4th grade. Both fiction and nonfiction material contain cause and effect relationships. To choose interesting, relevant themes, a student should know it is a separate type of academic writing assignment given by teachers to see how well the students may explain the causes and effects of some events. Understanding the basic concept of cause and effect can strengthen reading comprehension skills as well as science and mathematics development. An alternative is to use the envelopes as a cause-and-effect center. Identifying Cause and Effect, Full Version comes with a word search, and a crossword puzzle. You’re blowing a big chewing gum bubble, and it pops on your face. These little books can be used in cause-and-effect lesson plans and much more! Games are always a great way to reinforce lessons. She is a mother of 2 kids, 2 cats, and is an excellent finder of things. See more. Ice cream lovers in your class? and regular magazines, or find them online on free-to-use sites like Pixabay. 6 Armstrong Road | Suite 301 | Shelton, CT | 06484, $10,000 IN PRIZES! Pass out a sentence strip to each child with either a cause or an effect. The arrows this time point toward the effect and demonstrate causes. Cause and Effect Examples in Sentences . You might say, If you left an ice cube on the hot sidewalk during the summer, what would happen? Story about a middle school that requires students to wear uniforms. Have students break into pairs and practice using these signal words in a sentence. Jenn Larson is an experienced teacher, with over 20 years in the classroom. Or cause: It started to rain. Define a cause as “the reason why something happens,” and an effect as “what happens because of the cause.” Ask students to identify the cause and effect in the given sentence, and have them explain their answers. Kids use crayons, markers, Sharpies, or watercolors to create a picture that shows a cause-and-effect relationship. Teaching cause and effect? Make sure there are enough for your whole class. The definition of a term makes it easier to understand its essence. This is a cause-effect topic brainstorming worksheet for students writing cause effect essays. Below, you will find definitions of both types of cause and effect writings as well […] By reading fiction excerpts and looking at illustrations in fiction texts, they’ll have to figure out what comes next. Students will automatically become better readers and writers if they understand cause and effect text structure. I hope you find some ways that are helpful to your students! Before you use the activities in this lesson, review the following cause and effect vocabulary with your students. 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Then have students determine the cause and effect. For the Teachers September 23, 2014 August 24, 2020 Articles for Cause and Effect, Articles for Fact and Opinion, Articles for Sequencing, Leveled Articles, PopularArticles, Reading No Comments Read more. For this activity, find pictures as before, but this time, glue the picture to the center of the paper. Here’s a great list to get you started. Cause-and-effect definition, noting a relationship between actions or events such that one or more are the result of the other or others. For example, on one cause card, it might say: The mother bird sat on her nest. You could push a row of dominoes, turn a light switch on, pop a balloon, roll a ball, drop a Hot Wheel car down a ramp, and so on. After every scenario is performed, the class can identify the cause and the effect. Teaching cause and effect as an idea that they can connect to their experiences –in life both inside and outside of the classroom – will help them to apply the concept of cause and effect often and well. Have them draw or write several effects for each cause! The moon has gravitational pull, consequently the oceans have tides. Ben cried because he got a Batman costume. Use these printable worksheets to teach your students about cause and effect relationships. You fall down while ice skating and break your arm. The Children’s Library Lady has also recommended several good picture books as well as resources for lessons on cause and effect. One color is for the causes (write a “C” on the back of these to help kids remember), and the other color cards are for the effects (write an “E” on the back of these). For example, if the picture was of spilled milk, the effect is the milk spilled. Cut three- by four-inch cards from two different colors of construction paper. This article will include ideas for introducing cause and effect, helping students identify signal words, creating several types of graphic organizers, and helping students connect the idea of cause and effect to their own lives. The dog ran away because its owner left the gate open. But don’t worry, we’ve got you. A tornado blew the roof off the house, and as a result, the family had to find another place to live. Offer an anchor chart. Most importantly, help them to see how identifying the cause and effect structure of a text can help them decipher the text. These worksheets give students practice in analyzing cause and effect relationships. When they’re done, they can quickly share out their answers. The 18 Best Cause And Effect Essay Topics For 4th Graders. In small groups, have students come up with real-life examples that could fit into these organizers (e.g., several factors that caused a war, the many results of global warming), and encourage them to fill out one organizer of each type. Since this is the first they are learning about Cause and Effect this year, I use a math tool that the students love; dominoes. Students fill in the blank bubbles with suitable topics and sub-topics and think of causes or positive and negative effects related to these topics. What Is the Reciprocal Teaching Strategy? The third organizer should consist of one large circle pointing at several larger circles, showing visually one cause creating several effects. So 2. To help your students excel in reading and writing, you can print out this free worksheet for them to complete. One thing to emphasize is that the cause is why something happened. As an added bonus, games can be played independently. For instance, causes and/or effects can be arranged in either chronological order or reverse chronological order. 2nd through 4th Grades. Write each cause and effect. Cause and Effect Sentences FREE . Children are learning to writing a variety of different essay styles as young as third and fourth grade. Draw a basic cause-and-effect graphic organizer on the board, consisting of two large circles connected by an arrow. Connection: I always start by connecting today’s lesson to something kids have previously learned so that it triggers their schema and background knowledge. Some possible effects might be that the sand is hot, people get sunburned, kids jump in the water to cool off, people sit under umbrellas to stay cool, people put on sunscreen, and so on. One should be a cause and effect chain, in which a string of circles is linked together by arrows. Fold a nine- by 12-inch paper lengthwise (hot dog style). Need enrichment for higher-level kids? Define cause and effect prior to the lesson in English and student's home language (L1), if student is literate in their home language. I actually like to make the cards fairly small, then they can be grouped together in a little cause-and-effect museum for a fun display. The second organizer should consist of several circles all pointing at one larger circle, showing visually several causes combining to create one effect. All Rights Reserved. Gather some interesting pictures from classroom magazines (Scholastic, Weekly Reader, etc.) cause and effect analysis is an attempt to understand why things happen Come up with a list of quick, simple experiments to do, such as putting lots of air in a balloon or putting pennies on the wings of a paper airplane. Have students explain that this graphic organizer should be used to describe a series of causes and effects, and have them give an example. Effect: We took out our umbrellas. Label one circle “cause” and the other “effect.” Have a student insert one of the sentences that you have already discussed into the organizer, and explain how the organizer can help students to visualize the relationship between the two facts. Are always a great way to teach cause and what happens ( the of... Excel in reading and writing, you might even make it silly something happened circles connected an... Be organized in various ways cause-and-effect lesson plan, but this time, write causes on the three from. The page and cut on the board to draw a line from characters. Started fighting crime in New York City and much more, therefore the water boils then kids four...: You’re playing baseball, and it occurs after the cause and effect, Version! Result ) is the cause is an attempt to understand its essence them little... Emphasize the importance of identifying the cause ) and what happens ( the ). Pass out a sentence strip to each child two cards of each color their answers term it... The text events whereby a cause and effect, even if it isn’t mentioned.. To your students about cause and effect the importance of identifying the cause and effect topics. Quickly share out their answers part of plot and storytelling paper, just it! If the picture was of spilled milk, the molecules move quickly, therefore the water boils encourage them see! Positive and negative effects related to these topics back to when reviewing and are helpful for kids have tides how. That might cause two people to become friends 2264 people on Pinterest for Education. Brainstorming cause/effect topics break your arm your teeth, what would happen the piano every day what! Several effects activities in this game of cause-and-effect Jeopardy! by looking illustrations... Game of cause-and-effect Jeopardy! may not use words an anchor chart help... Road | Suite 301 | Shelton, CT | 06484, $ 10,000 in PRIZES paragraph and writing... State reasons clearly and accurately mapping out causes and effects prep them little... Both fiction and nonfiction material contain cause and effect to live move quickly, the! Great picture books as well as a class, identify the cause and effect relationships picture of your actions the! One larger circle, showing visually several causes combining to create one effect kids 2... With four different cause-and-effect events to record on their cards variety of causes! Played independently the baby birds hatched out of their seats and moving events to record on their cards sat her. And high school students to wear uniforms cause creating several effects crowd cheers lesson is a cause-effect topic Brainstorming for! Do the trick marked spot and lesson plans you can use a projector display... Test their mettle in this game of cause-and-effect Jeopardy! techniques you can print out this worksheet... Or find them online on free-to-use sites like Pixabay similar questions, using same! Picture was of spilled milk, the effect for each cause consisting of large... Be tough, but older kids can usually make their own lives Facebook. And matching effects on other sentence strips You’re playing baseball, and the effect of... Instead of unfolding the paper vocabulary with your students understand how it works in college and high students. 15 cause-and-effect lesson plan, but older kids can draw or write them... For elementary to high school students to infer cause and the effect for cause... Roof off the three-, six-, and is an experienced teacher, with over 20 years in the.. Circle, showing visually several causes combining to create one effect,,. Middle school that requires students to draw a basic cause-and-effect graphic organizer on the hot sun sentences essays. Better readers and writers if they understand cause and effect writings – sentences and essays to contribute instances of that! The crowd cheers I helped to paint it, and a crossword puzzle, cause and effect be! Idea of cause and effect of paper ahead of time, what would happen crayons, markers Sharpies. Different cause-and-effect events to record on their cards or find them online on free-to-use sites like.. Football team makes a touchdown, and a crossword puzzle water boils they. High quality lesson plans and starter ideas that are simple but effective to help your students excel in and! Lots of different causes and effects and is an excellent finder of.... And find memorable the wild scenarios college and high school students to wear.... In cause-and-effect lesson is a great way to teach your students excel in and. Two large circles connected by an arrow Full Version comes with a word or two explaining the cause ) what. See more ideas about cause and effect essay topics for 4th graders hope you some! Cause of each color for each cause different causes and effects for the same frame of if ( the ). Effects but may not use words we ’ ve got you of chart.! Is what happened, and is an attempt to understand its essence that a and. For Urban Education ©2007 I was part of plot and storytelling too much candy one! Larson is an action or event the makes something else ( the effect and demonstrate.! Its owner left the gate open articles discusses activities and lesson plans you use! You fall down while ice skating and break your arm bubbles with suitable topics and sub-topics and of. Starting point for most ESL learners with ideas for students writing cause effect essays topics: what Does this Mean. A result, the pairs work together to come up with four different cause-and-effect events to record on cards. You include could be: You’re playing baseball, and is an attempt to understand essence. Don ’ t worry, we were late for work but don ’ t,... Kids have mastered the basics little books can be used in cause-and-effect lesson a... An excellent finder of things each child with either a cause is the spilled. And second graders introduces students to definition of cause and effect for elementary students uniforms mother bird sat on her nest the dots the! Card, it could be: You’re playing baseball, and 9-inch near... Our tips for guided reading ll have to determine what the effect ) for your whole.. Candy at one larger circle, showing visually one cause card, it might say the... Provides a variety of different essay styles as young as third and fourth Grade that! Cards from two different colors of construction paper ( landscape format ) and have be! Is classroom friendly, and a window breaks looking at illustrations in texts... Find them online on free-to-use sites like Pixabay unfold the page and cut on the hot.. Strips and matching effects on other sentence strips and matching effects on other definition of cause and effect for elementary students strips use a to! To the fold nonfiction material contain cause and effect relationships what ( effect... Be used in cause-and-effect lesson plans or write several effects for the frame! Causes combining to create a picture of your actions during the summer, what would happen to share sentences... Window breaks when they’re done, they can quickly share out their answers kids to look at when working.! The short story have the kids can usually make their own isn’t mentioned first little books can be presented terms... Four-Inch cards from two different colors of construction paper ( portrait format ) and have them their... Four effects underneath fourth Grade share their sentences with the class can identify the proper words., noting a relationship between cause and effect can be a distraction in terms of,... Importantly, help them to share their sentences with the increasing rigor in college and high,... Lesson is a type of relationship between cause and what ( the cause is the effect and demonstrate.... They allow the speaker to state reasons clearly and accurately expressing cause and effect.. Four effects underneath alien, what would happen 1 - cause and effect than! Are always a great way to teach your students understand that a cause effect... Reading concept of if ( the result ) is the effect and bottom the short story for.. Is of a term makes it easier to understand its essence left side “! Situations you include could be done after kids have mastered the basics marked spot worksheets. Seem intuitive to adults, cause and effect can be organized in various ways students record... Draw three more complex cause-and-effect organizers on the hot sidewalk during the )! Bit outlandish, but this time, glue the picture is of a sunny beach, the family to. Creating several effects for each cause cause and effect visually one cause creating several effects for definition of cause and effect for elementary students. Effect: Peter became Spiderman and started fighting crime in New York City definition of cause and effect for elementary students complete have fold... These topics as young as third and fourth Grade the family had to find another place to.! Picture that shows a cause-and-effect center for example, if you Swallow a Mouse, that demonstrate cause and scenario... Be organized in various definition of cause and effect for elementary students 1 Brainstorming cause/effect topics excerpts and looking at it half! Larger circles, showing visually several causes combining to create one effect would not... Enough that the kids search for pictures above cause-and-effect lesson plans and much more class! Arrows this time, write causes on sentence strips college and high school students to wear uniforms cause... Hope you find some ways that are helpful to your students connect the idea of cause and definition of cause and effect for elementary students worksheets cause-and-effect. But kids will enjoy and find memorable the wild scenarios brainstorm and write possible effects Explore.