Because she found that young lives are captivated by the same mystery she was, she wants to bridge imagination and science, relating facts to fun. Because of the calm water and seagrasses, the Barnegat Bay is an ideal nursery for many estuarine and marine species. Out of all our native plants, only 5% make 75% of the caterpillar food that drives food webs. Image credit: Corrine Hinton. It’s too early to tell if the permanent shutdown of the Oyster Creek Generating Station will have a significant impact on adult blue crabs in Barnegat Bay, despite compelling evidence that the number of adult female blue crabs has decreased in the vicinity since the plant … This threatens not only the well being of the environment, but also the security of people as well, who, whether we commonly recognize it or not, are a part of the ecosystem. Barrels can depict native plants and alternatives to lawn and the benefits to the Barnegat Bay by having a Jersey-Friendly Yard. Save Barnegat Bay was alarmed by these plans, which essentially tore out flourishing native vegetation that was equipped to handle the climate and conditions of the area with decorative plants that could potentially destroy critical habitat for migrating birds and insects. The remaining 95% has been altered by all sorts of activities: the land has been logged, tilled, grazed, and paved; river paths have been altered by damming; our skies have been polluted and our climate has been irreversibly changed; and throughout the U.S., non-native species have been introduced that threaten to out compete native species and disrupt the specialized relationships on which the natural world is built. Learn more >, The western shores of Barnegat Bay directly border the region of New Jersey known as the Pine Barrens or Pinelands. As most of the land in the United States is privately owned, it is important for private property owners to have a hand in protecting our ecosystems. These larvae then bury into the ground and pupate, and they only emerge two years later, when the acorns are mature, in order to mate and lay the eggs of their young in the acorns. Barnegat Bay is considered a highly eutrophic area, which in turn makes it prone to degraded water quality as well as blooms of noxious algal species. The National Estuary Program (NEP) promotes the conservation and management of nationally significant estuaries threatened by pollution, development, or overuse. Directions: Barnegat Lighthouse State Park is situated on the northern tip of Long Beach Island in Ocean County. The remaining 95% has been altered by all sorts of activities: the land has been logged, tilled, grazed, and paved; river paths have been altered by damming; our skies have been polluted and our climate has been irreversibly changed; and throughout the U.S., non-native species have been introduced that threaten to out compete native species and disrupt the specialized relationships on which the natural world is built. The plant was located 50 miles (80 km) east of Philadelphia and 75 miles (121 km) south of New York City. Barnegat Lighthouse State Park Flora. Still, it’s too early to tell if the permanent shutdown of the nuclear plant has had a significant impact. The National Wildlife Federation’s Native Plant Finder is a great place to start looking for native plants and figuring out which native caterpillar species they support. Island Beach State Park provides the most extensive example of the natural vegetation typical of New Jersey’s barrier islands and spits. in the Barnegat Bay Watershed What are native plants? Except for the croaker, the links are to pages from the online version of the 'Fishes of the Gulf of Maine.' He has worked and volunteered throughout the Barnegat Bay watershed over the years helping to educate the public on local flora and fauna. The environmental group Save Barnegat Bay held a conference Wednesday where scientists noted the … He evaluated the growth and development of plant species utilized for erosion prevention on coastal dunes. Connect with organizations that are working every day to protect Barnegat Bay. It is also known as bay laurel, sweet bay and simply laurel. Bay Leaf plants are slow growing trees with leaves that are used as seasoning in cooking. However, human activity has disrupted the natural world, and the changes we have made are far-reaching. Learn more > By carving up our natural lands into small, disconnected segments and by threatening our native plants with non-native invasive species, human activity has wrecked ecological havoc. If we are to preserve our ecosystems, we must address an important question: which insects are the most important ones to focus on saving? Cooling water for the plant was drawn from Barnegat Bay, a brackish estuary that empties into the Atlantic Ocean through the Barnegat Inlet. The plant is cooled with 1.4 billion gallons of water each day from Barnegat Bay, but the warm water the plant returns to the bay disrupts its fragile ecosystem. It was proposed as a single 1,070 MW reactor in 1969 to be built by Combustion Engineering and operated by Jersey Central Power and Light. Simply put, if insects were to disappear, we could not survive. Supporting more than 500 species of animals and 800 species and varieties of plants, this heavily forested area of coastal plain stretches across more than seven counties of southern New Jersey. Benthic macroalgae and vascular plants (seagrasses) comprise the submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) community of the Barnegat Bay-Little Egg Harbor estuarine system. Loveland, et al. Web Design by S-FX.com. Common Fish of the Atlantic Ocean and Barnegat Bay The names listed below are linked to information about each species. She is currently on track to complete a bachelors of science degree in Environmental Studies. Ocean County College, College Drive, PO Box 2001, Toms River, NJ 08754 Phone (732) 255-0472 Fax (732) 255-0358 ... ©2020 Barnegat Bay Partnership. The shoreline of Barnegat Bay in Waretown, N.J., near where the former Oyster Creek nuclear power plant used to operate, Oct. 17. Barnegat Bay Habitats and Plant Communities. In the contiguous United States, less than 5% of the land is close to a pristine natural state. Most insects have a positive impact in our landscapes. There is about 1.2 million pounds of highly radioactive waste at Oyster Creek. By reducing the size of our lawns and replacing them with more sustainable and diverse greenspace, we can better protect native animals and develop a more personal relationship with nature. Acorn weevils have evolved to have a specialized relationship with trees in the red oak group, such as the Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra, bottom) and the Pin Oak (Quercus Palustris, top). Environmental stewardship is the responsibility of every human being. Check out the latest bird sightings here! Native plants have evolved over thousands of years to be adapted to conditions in a particular region and to the other plants and animals around them. Layered landscapes with native ferns, shrubs, and other forms of groundcovers help to promote survivorship of caterpillar species. The answer is simple: we need to add plants to our yards that support caterpillar populations. The overall composition varies greatly, but the consistently dominant seaweed species are sea lettuce ( Ulva lactuca ), red seaweed ( Gracilaria tikvahiae ), green fleece ( Codium fragile ), banded weed ( Ceramium fastigiatum ), and red seaweed ( Agardhiella subulata ). To learn more about the book club, click here. The Jersey-Friendly Yards website is a guide to making environmentally responsible landscaping decisions for a healthier yard and a healthier Barnegat Bay. Different subspecies are known to rely on different plants, the Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida) being one. At least 116 species of benthic algae, including both macroalgae and epiphytic algae, have been identified from Barnegat Bay. 398 N Main St. … Loveland, et al. (609) 660-5725. Undeveloped stretches of the barrier island complex consist of extensive primary and secondary dune habitat along the ocean side and salt marsh and tidal flats on the backside of the barrier. At university, Brianna works in a paleoclimate lab, which  has deepened her passion for conservation and sustainability, and she now hopes to pursue a career in studying climate and improving science communication with the public. , was the Save Barnegat Bay Book Club pick for the month of May. It turns out that the submerged aquatic vegetation, or SAV, in Barnegat Bay is more complicated than it may initially seem. Not all native plants are created equal. Natural Resource Education Foundation of New Jersey, “Scientific Characterization of the Barnegat Bay-Little Egg Harbor Estuary and Watershed” (September 2001), BBP Developing Two New Watershed Protection and Restoration Plans, Virtual Meetings to Kick-off Development of Two New Sub-Watershed Plans. Dr. Tallamy proposes caterpillars are the answer, as they are essential to sustaining food webs; for example, caterpillars make up a dominant portion of the nestling diets of 16 out of 20 bird families. Light pollution kills insects in a variety of ways, from causing collisions to blindness. All spaces have ecological significance, including our yards. The degraded water and algal blooms lead to anoxic conditions, which results in the loss of habitat and possibly the loss of fish species or other species in the area of anoxic conditions. There will be a 96% reduction of water intake for cooling purposes. By carving up our natural lands into small, disconnected segments and by threatening our native plants with non-native invasive species, human activity has wrecked ecological havoc. How can I choose the best plants for my yard? That means that all of us, as individuals, have the power to promote ecological diversity. Situated on the sandy, acid soils of New Jersey’s outer coastal plain, the Pine Barrens comprise a landscape of upland pine-oak forests interlaced with a network of “tea-water” streams, dense swamps and ericaceous bogs. The length of the nektonic species, adult fish, whales and squid, which swim and migrate freely in the water, was likely affected by the warmer waters of the nuclear plant when it was in operation, according to preliminary study results. Her internship with Save Barnegat Bay will give her important knowledge to further her passion in educating generations to come. Here, he uses insects, which have declined by as much as 45% in recent decades, as an example. If the lights are necessary, switching them to a motion sensor and changing any white lights to LED yellow bulbs can reduce damage. Native plants can be selected to attract specific bees and beneficial insects including predatory and parasitic wasps, beetles, flies, true bugs, and lacewings. The Pine Barrens supports more than 500 species of animals and 800 species and varieties of plants (McCormick and Forman, 1979; Buchholz and Good, 1982; Good and Good, 1984). × The Jersey-Friendly Yards website is a guide to making environmentally responsible landscaping decisions for a healthier yard and a healthier Barnegat Bay. Learn about the predator-prey relationships of these flower-visiting beneficial insects and how they help keep problem insect populations in balance. If you enjoy growing herbs, this is a great one to try, since it has a very aromatic flavor. Information about New Jersey Native plants and low-impact and environmentally friendly landscaping techniques. Red oaks, as he explained, take two years for their acorns to mature. Fascinated by the thought of mystical creatures in the ocean, Corrine decided that she wanted to pursue environmental education through mermaid cosplay. (1984) recorded 116 species of benthic algae in Barnegat Bay, with the dominant forms being Ulva lactuca, Gracilaria tikvahiae, Codium fragile, Zostera marina, Ceramium fastigiatum, and Agardhiella subulata. None has been directly measured in drinking water, but it has been found in an aquifer and in a canal discharging into nearby Barnegat Bay, a popular spot for swimming, boating and fishing. This perfectly-timed interaction is no accident; it is actually a specialized relationship between these two species, and it is an example of how the behaviors of one species, the acorn weevil, relies on the patterns of another, the red oaks, to survive. This brings about yet another question: how can private property owners landscape for caterpillars and other important native insect species? Learn more >, Benthic macroalgae and vascular plants (seagrasses) comprise the submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) community of the Barnegat Bay-Little Egg Harbor estuarine system. So, when selecting native plants for our yards, we must choose productive plants that support many native species, such as native oaks, which support 557 species of native caterpillars in the mid-Atlantic region. In the contiguous United States, less than 5% of the land is close to a pristine natural state. So, when selecting native plants for our yards, we must choose productive plants that support many native species, such as native oaks, which support 557 species of native caterpillars in the mid-Atlantic region. Learn more >, Along the edges of the Barnegat Bay watershed, remnants of the Maritime Forest plant community have survived intense development pressures from as early as colonial times when substantial areas of Maritime Forest were cleared for coastal farms and homesteads. Photo credit: Brianna Hoegler. It has a stout, heavy body that tapers to a narrow tail. Of particular concern has been the corrosion and deterioration of the plant from age and the accumulation of nuclear waste that will remain highly radioactive for thousands of years. A 2012 study valued the ecosystem services of saltwater wetlands in Barnegat Bay at $155 million per year! Out of all our native plants, only 5% make 75% of the caterpillar food that drives food webs. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The shutdown of one of the nation's oldest nuclear power plants last year is having a surprising, stinging consequence for a New Jersey bay considered one of the nation's most fragile. The finfish community in Barnegat Bay is composed of different categories, including 31% residents, 65% warm-water migrants, 3% cool-water migrants, and 1% marine and freshwater strays. Sponsored by the Barnegat Bay Partnership there will be over 100 exhibitors and vendors. Mowing the grass kills any life that may try to live in our yards, and the use of fertilizers and pesticides threaten our watersheds. The Forked River Nuclear Power Plant was a proposed nuclear power plant in Lacey Township in Ocean County, New Jersey. The best solution is to remove any porch lights or security lights from your yard. We all have the power to help nature thrive. Dr. Tallamy’s newest book, Nature’s Best Hope, was the Save Barnegat Bay Book Club pick for the month of May. Caterpillars make up a significant portion of the nestling diets of many bird families, especially due to their high carotenoid content. (1984) recorded 116 species of benthic algae in Barnegat Bay, with the dominant forms being Ulva lactuca, Gracilaria tikvahiae, Codium fragile, Zostera marina, Ceramium fastigiatum, and Agardhiella subulata. The life cycles, […] Eelgrass (Zostera marina) is the dominant seagrass species in Barnegat Bay, forming dense beds (particularly on sandflats) along the backside of the barrier island system. The sand shrimp is also called the seven-spined bay shrimp. On May 28, Save Barnegat Bay hosted Dr. Doug Tallamy, author and professor of entomology at the University of Delaware, to speak about the importance of native plants and how anyone could use their land and their time to help nature thrive. By working as an intern for Save Barnegat Bay this summer, Brianna hopes to strengthen her science communication skills and to help others create a deeper understanding for and appreciation of the bay environment. Clean Water Action has been involved in identifying and reporting various safety concerns at the nuclear plant for almost two decades. Corrine visits the Barnegat Bay light house every summer, exploring and learning something new about the bay environment every time. Information about New Jersey Native plants and low-impact and environmentally friendly landscaping techniques. So, when selecting native plants for our yards, we must choose productive plants that support many native species, such as native oaks, which support 557 species of native caterpillars in the mid-Atlantic region. Landscape plans and ideas. It is in a regional decline in the northeast United States, possibly due to habitat fragmentation. Dr. Tallamy started out his talk by illustrating the important connections different organisms have that make life possible. Learn more >, Natural Resource Education Foundation of New JerseyNew Jersey Pinelands CommissionPinelands Preservation Alliance“Scientific Characterization of the Barnegat Bay-Little Egg Harbor Estuary and Watershed” (September 2001). When these acorns fall at the end of the two years, little larvae emerge— the larvae of acorn weevils. Save Barnegat Bay was alarmed by these plans, which essentially tore out flourishing native vegetation that was equipped to handle the climate and conditions of the area with decorative plants that could potentially destroy critical habitat for migrating birds and insects. All Rights Reserved. The plant closure agreement establishes a definite timeframe in which use of the Bay … She is majoring in Geosciences with a concentration in Earth, Oceans, and Climate, and she is pursuing two minors, one in Soil and Water Science and another in History. It is a small species of shrimp common to the Barnegat Bay estuary. Mid-Bay BB-3 Oyster Creek BB-4 Parkertown Stable Isotopes of C and N: Indicators of Sources and Change • Spartina sp are C4 plants and would yield δ13C of OC at ~ -15 to -12 per mil • Terrestrial plants in this area, as well as algae, are C3 plants and would yield δ13C of OC at ~ -30 to - 18 per mil (algae are more enriched in 13C) Except for the croaker, the links are to pages from the online version of the 'Fishes of the Gulf of Maine.' Landscape plans and ideas. Rain or shine come out and support this wonderful event. The goal of this website is to provide information about the various species of shellfish in Barnegat Bay … impacts to numerous plant and animal species, including submerged aquatic vegetation and decreases to commercial and recreational fisheries. Save Barnegat Bay was inspired to write the new bill by a very specific highway. While they may both look similar at first glance, the two species are actually very different, and because of that, they act and respond to changes in the … Superstorm Sandy provided a test in October of 2012, as the storm came ashore just south of Barnegat Bay. Save Barnegat Bay. The Sedge Island Wildlife Management Area in Barnegat Bay is located within NJ's first Marine Conservation Zone, just off Island Beach State Park.The shallow water surrounding the group of islands serves as a nursery for many species of marine animals including blue claw crabs, hard clams and fish. The most well-known example is the monarch, whose caterpillars can only consume a few milkweed species. The Barnegat Bay ecosystem relies heavily on the health of eelgrass beds. Native plants have evolved over thousands of years to be adapted to conditions in a particular region and to the other plants and animals around them. The Sedge Island Wildlife Management Area in Barnegat Bay is located within NJ's first Marine Conservation Zone, just off Island Beach State Park.The shallow water surrounding the group of islands serves as a nursery for many species of marine animals including blue claw crabs, hard clams and fish. Mowing our lawns and removing leaf litter causes larvae to drop to the ground and die. The park can be reached by taking the Garden State Parkway to exit 63. There will also be a native plant sale at The 15 th Annual Barnegat Bay Festival on Sunday June 3, 2012 in Island Heights, NJ beginning at10 am. The Native Plant Society of New Jersey has identified over 2,000 native plant species in our state, ... A Guide to Landscaping with Native Plants in the Barnegat Bay Watershed Flora of New Jersey Project ... Center US Fish & Wildlife Service: Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping – Chesapeake Bay Watershed. 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