The Continental Army continued to shrink in the moment against the British and Washington was forced to use alternate tactics to frustrate, but not defeat the British. He was twice wounded in battle and even taken captive on the Russian front. For this and other fundamental changes to military administration, in May of 1778, upon George Washington's specific recommendation, von Steuben was officially appointed Inspector-General of the army by the Continental Congress. He then tried unsuccessfully to join the ranks of the French and Austrian armies. Baron von Steuben taught the soldiers about the military disciplines, tactics and drills. Facts about Baron von Steuben 2: the father of continental army. Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand Steuben, also known as Baron von Steuben, Frederick William, and Freiherr von Steuben, was a military officer who served in Prussia and later in America during the American Revolutionary War. Upon his release,von Stueben he was assigned to th… Baron Friedrich Wilhelm Augustus von Steuben was born on September 17, 1730, in the fortress town of Magdeburg in Prussia but spent most of the first decade of his life in Russia with his father. Baron von Steuben’s tomb. November 1794 in Utica, New York) war ein preußischer Offizier und US-amerikanischer General. German-Americans especially love to celebrate this day and many people consider it the precursor to Oktoberfest. Through St. Germain, Steuben was introduced to the American ambassadors to France, Silas Deane and Benjamin Fra… Soon after, he was discharged from the military because of speculations that Baron von Steuben was gay. Steuben established standards of sanitation and camp layouts that would still be standard a century and a half later. Baron von Steuben Facts and Biography - The History Junkie. When he heard that Benjamin Franklin was in France, he traveled there in hopes of offering his services to the Patriot cause. Here are other interesting facts about Baron von Steuben: Facts about Baron von Steuben 1: the revolutionary war. Upon the reduction of the army at the end of the war, in 1763, Steuben was one of many officers who found themselves unemployed. Prior to his arrival, the Continental Army lacked any organized approach to things like hygiene and sanitation. Later that year he was taken prisoner by the Russians at Treptow. 3 – He was probably gay. Baron von Steuben Drilling Troops at Valley Forge, by E. A. Abbey (c.1904), Pennsylvania State Capitol, Harrisburg Steuben picked 120 men from various regiments to form an honor guard for General Washington, and used them to demonstrate military training to the rest of the troops. Baron von Steuben was a staff officer in the Seven Years War. He is said to have thrown the first underwear party in American military history: “The Baron hosted a party exclusively for their lower-ranking friends. Steuben continued to have a strong presence in the Revolution after Valley Forge. At age 10 he returned to Germany and attended more formal schooling. Von Steuben Day parade. He served in the Seven Years War, worked in the General Staff, and made several more trips to Russia. Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben, auch bekannt als Baron Steuben (* 17. Kitchens and latrines were on opposite sides of the camp, with latrines downhill side. In 1747, at 17, von Steuben enlisted in the Prussian army as a lance-corporal. Friedrich Wil­helm Au­gust Hein­rich Fer­di­nand Steuben (born Friedrich Wil­helm Lu­dolf Ger­hard Au­gustin von Steuben; Sep­tem­ber 17, 1730 – No­vem­ber 28, 1794), also re­ferred to as Baron von Steuben (Ger­man: [fɔn ˈʃtɔʏbn̩]), was a Pruss­ian and later an Amer­i­can mil­i­tary of­fi­cer. Baron von Steuben arrived with his italian greyhound, Azor, his young aide de camp Louis de Pontière, and his entourage arrived at Portsmouth, New Hampshire on December 1, 1777. This Prussian drillmaster established himself in the pantheon of stylish revolutionaries with his arrival in a horse drawn, fur-lined sleigh, accompanied by his gay lovers and a pet greyhound. He is one of the forgotten heroes of the revolution by the common person. Steuben laid out a plan to have rows for command, officers and enlisted men. read more There are holidays, cities, corporations, non-profit organizations, and many other things that bear his name. His outstanding service got him assigned to Frederick the Great's headquarters. Fascinating trivia and things you didn't know about some of America's most interesting, influential, and controversial people. Towards the end of his life, Steuben indicated in a letter that “an inconsiderate step and an implacable personal enemy” led to his leaving the Prussian army. It was used by the United States Army until 1814, and affected U.S. drills and tactics until the Mexican War of 1846. During the winter of 1778–1779, Steuben prepared Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States, commonly known as the “Blue Book”. He served as adjutant to the free battalion of General Johann von Mayr and was promoted to first lieutenant in 1759. He helped with organization of defense, logistics, and offensive maneuvers until he had to take sick leave. Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben was born on 17 September 1730 in Magdeburg, Prussia. He is one of the forgotten heroes of the revolution by the common person. Because of this salacious and career-ruining gossip, von Steuben headed to France in 1775 in search of a military appointment. Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben entered the Prussian Army in 1746 at the age of 17. It is said that at age 14 he served as volunteer with his father in one of the campaigns of the War of the Austrian Succession. Steuben’s introduction of effective bayonet charges became crucial. In June 1761, he was appointed deputy quartermaster at the general headquarters. When his father entered the service of Empress Anna, young Friedrich came with him to the Crimea and then to Kronstadt, staying until the Russian war against the Turks under the General Burkhard Christoph von Münnich. 4 – Von Steuben Day is celebrated in towns throughout the U.S. September marks the time of year when many people around the U.S. celebrate Baron von Steuben with marches, costumes and music. After he arrived in France, the French government had no intention of commissioning von Steuben in their own military, but, having loaned the Colonies money, they hoped to establish professional organization and discipline in the dismally ragtag Continental Army. In the earlier part of the war, the U.S. used the bayonet mostly as a cooking skewer or tool rather than as a fighting instrument. Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand von Steuben (born Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben; September 17, 1730 – November 28, 1794), also referred to as Baron von Steuben (German: [fɔn ˈʃtɔʏbn̩]), was a Prussian and later an American military officer. Baron von Stueben was born in 1730 in Magdeburg, Prussia. It took him four months to make them an Army. Unsuccessful, they returned to Germany where through the early 1770s von Steuben remained in Hodenzollern-Hechingen despite the prince's increasing decaying financial position. In 1784, Baron Von Steuben became an American citizen. He grew up in a noble and military family and, true to form, joined the army as a soldier at age 16. If there was ever an outfit in need of an emotional lift, it was the Continental Army in the Valley Forge winter of 1778. Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben. Steuben Parade~NYC~2017~Start of the Parade~NYCParadelife - … Then, in February, 1778, a Prussian nobleman by the name of Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben arrived. They introduced von Steuben to Ambassador Benjamin Franklin, but Franklin had been instructed by the Continental Congress to rebuff high-level mercenaries, and he was unwilling to offer payment in return for von Steuben's service. Franklin met with Von Steuben and took an immediate liking to him. Er reorganisierte die Kontinentalarmee im Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg. He insisted, though, that ‘none should be admitted that had on a whole pair of breeches,’ making light of the shortages that affected the junior officers as they did the enlisted men.”. He served in the Southern Campaign and his influence was continually sought. Ever since he served under Josef Friedrich Wilhelm, rumors swirled of Baron von Steuben’s penchant for the same sex. Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben, auch bekannt als Baron Steuben (* 17. The first results of Steuben’s training were in evidence at the Battle of Barren Hill, May 20, 1778 and then again at the Battle of Monmouth in June 1778. His inspections saved the army an estimated loss of five to eight thousand muskets. In the Battle of Stony Point, U.S. soldiers attacked with unloaded muskets and won the battle solely on Steuben’s bayonet training. (Credit: Fotosearch/Getty Images) Benjamin Franklin , who recommended von Steuben to Washington, played up his qualifications. Before von Steuben, the concept of the latrine was unheard of in the Colonial military, so this newly instituted approach made everyday camp life a lot more bearable. Not only was von Steuben rumored to be a homosexual, but he was also said to particularly enjoy the company of young boys (a rumor that has never been substantiated). Eventually, though, von Steuben and Franklin reached an agreement they could both be happy with, and von Steuben agreed to report for the mere cost of free passage to America. They were taken and entertained in Boston and then arrived in Valley Forge. Steuben, by then serving in Washington’s headquarters, was the first to determine that the enemy was heading for Monmouth. These men in turn trained other personnel at Regimental and Brigade levels. Through his channels he inquired about someone who would be able to train his men. Good at his job and promoted through the ranks, von Steuben saw extensive action in the European "Seven Years War" and even wound up on the personal staff of Frederick the Great. von Steuben agreed to report for the mere cost of free passage to America. Steuben was famous during the revolutionary war. After the war, Steuben served a very brief tenure in the tiny principality of Hohenzollern-Hachingen; however, he was eventually run off of his post by some seriously scandalous rumors about his sex life. Enter the fabulous Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben. Baron von Steuben, also called Frederick William, Freiherr von Steuben, in full Frederick William Augustus, Freiherr von Steuben, original name Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben, (born September 17, 1730, Magdeburg, Prussia [Germany]—died November 28, 1794, near Remsen, New York, U.S.), German officer who served the cause of U.S. independence by converting the … He joined the Prussian army himself at age 17 and served on the staff of Frederick the Great during the Seven Years War. For the next twelve years, Steuben worked as the chamberlain of the kingdom of Hohenzollern-Hechingen. Shortly thereafter, von Steuben began using the title "baron." He served as inspector general and major general of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He served as a second lieutenant during the Seven Years’ War in 1756, and was wounded at the 1757 Battle of Prague. There are holidays, cities, corporations, non-profit organizations, and … By the mid-1770s, he had restyled himself as a baron, but was in fact desperate for money and a better position. He is credited with being one of the fathers of the Continental Army in teaching them the essentials of military drills, tactics, and disciplines. Baron Von Steuben worked for the german courts after his military service. American Revolutionary history is filled with similarly outlandish Baron Von Steuben stories as well as evidence that this gay, flamboyant expatriate was a major factor in the Colonial effort to reorganize itself into a fighting force formidable enough to ultimately defeat the British crown. Baron Von Steuben never publicly denied being a homosexual. He was born Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand von Steuben on September 17 th, 1730 in Magdeburg, Duchy of Magdeburg. He served as the inspector general and major general for the continental army. Von Steuben returned to Paris, and Franklin had a choice here — and he decided von Steuben's expertise was more important to the colonies than his sexuality. Learn how your comment data is processed. He served as General George Washington’s chief of staff in the final years of the war. North, quickly became a part of von Steuben's entourage, living under the same roof at Valley Forge and eventually becoming von Steuben's aide-de-camp. This corrected the previous policy of simply assigning personnel to regiments. He inquired about serving in the British, French, and Austrian armies, but no positions materialized. Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben by Charles Wilson Peale, 1780n Von Steuben was born in Magdeburg fortress where his father was an engineer lieutenant in the military in 1730. He was the only officer to travel with the incognito prince to France in hopes of borrowing some money. Baron Von Steuben's March: Marches of the American Revolution - Duration: 1:46. Baron von Steuben joined the Prussian Army at age 17. When the war ended, Von Steuben was decommissioned from the Prussian Army. Its basis was the training plan he had devised at Valley Forge. November 1794 in Utica, New York im heutigen Oneida County) war ein preußischer Offizier und US-amerikanischer General. In 1784, Baron Von Steuben became an American citizen. Steuben’s eccentric personality greatly enhanced his mystique. The Baron may not have been as crazy as Teddy Roosevelt or as weird as Wolfgang Mozart, but he definitely is a unique historical character deserving of attention and respect. It also sounds like von Steuben's household at Valley Forge must have been a pretty wild place. He subsequently attained the rank of captain, and served as aide-de-camp to Frederick the Great; in 1762 he was one of 13 young officers chosen to participate in a special course of instruction delivered by the king himself. From 1775 onward, Baron von Steuben began looking for work in some kind of military capacity. Von Steuben's acquisition of a military appointment with the Colonial Army was a long and circuitous process. Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm Von [Baron] (1730–1794), Revolutionary War general.Born at Magdeburg, Friedrich Steuben followed his father's path into the Prussian Army, eventually serving as an infantry officer, staff officer, and aide under Frederick the Great. Baron Wilhelm von Steuben, and his wife, Elizabeth von Jagvodin. 31.10.2020 23:23; Amazon.com Barons and Castellans The Military Nobility of Baron Frederick William Augustus von Steuben facts: Baron Frederick William Augustus von Steuben (1730-1794), a German officer who fought with the colonists in the American Revolutionary War, was best known as the drillmaster of the Army. North, quickly became a part of von Steuben's entourage, living under the same roof at Valley Forge and eventually becoming von Steuben's aide-de-camp. He served as Inspector General and a Major General of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He settled in New York and would die in America. Von Steuben eventually wrote his instructions down, in French, and they were translated to English by Alexander Hamilton and Nathaneal Greene. Baron Von Steuben had arrived to find a demoralized, under-equipped, poorly-prepared group of farmers. Von Steuben returned to Paris, and Franklin had a choice here — and he decided von Steuben’s expertise was more important to the colonies than his sexuality. In fact, on his way to Valley Forge to report to Washington, von Steuben met William North, an officer in the Continental Army. Baron Von Steuben, as he was known in America, was literally born into the military. While it can be debated how much a part Franklin played in the recruitment of von Steuben, one cannot doubt that one of the most informed people at the French court would know of the allegations against the baron. He was essentially run out of Germany, when a General name Anhalt prosecuted him for his homosexual relationships. Washington appointed von Steuben as temporary inspector general. Most of his adolescent years were spent in Russia, but with his father at the age of 10, they returned to Germany. The Continental Army had fought bravely throughout the war, but George Washington wanted an army that would be able to look the enemy in the eye and not run. There had previously been no set arrangement of tents and huts. 1:46. He settled in New York and would die in America. Posted on Last updated: April 25, 2020 By: Author Russell Yost. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Steuben introduced a system of progressive training, beginning with the school of the soldier, with and without arms, and going through the school of the regiment. There was the familiar arrangement of company and regimental streets. While it can be debated how much a part Franklin played in the recruitment of von Steuben, one cannot doubt that one of the most informed people at the French court would know of the allegations against the baron. Internal administration had been neglected, and no books had been kept either as to supplies, clothing or men. After the war ended, Steuben was dismissed from the army when Frederick the Great drastically reduced military spending. Von Steuben's efforts were not just confined to the battlefield. Reading Through History 1,902 views. Baron von Steuben was born in the fortress town of Magdeburg on September 17, 1730, the son of Royal Prussian Engineer, Capt. Each company commander was made responsible for the training of new men, but actual instruction was done by sergeants specifically selected for being the best obtainable. In August 1759 he was wounded a second time at the Battle of Kunersdorf. Friedrich Wilhelm Von Steuben Facts Friedrich Wilhelm Von Steuben Facts Friedrich Wilhelm Von Steuben was a Prussian military officer who served with the Continental Army during the American Revolution as Major General. Men relieved themselves where they wished and when an animal died, it was stripped of its meat and the rest was left to rot where it lay. On May 5, 1778, on General Washington’s recommendation, Congress appointed Steuben inspector general of the army, with the rank and pay of major general. Baron Von Steuben Facts: Legacy. Freidrich Wilhelm von Steuben also referred to as the Baron von Steuben, was a Prussian and later an American military officer. The Prussian drillmaster instituted fundamental changes, placing kitchen and toilet facilities at opposite ends of any encampment, for example. He set aside his lavish lifestyle to stand next to his good friend, George Washington, and transform a ragtag group of farmers and hunters into the world’s premier fighting force. He went out into the camp to talk with the officers and men, inspect their huts, and scrutinize their equipment. In full military dress uniform, he twice a day trained the soldiers who, at this point, were themselves greatly lacking in proper clothing. Von Steuben even "adopted" North and another young officer, Benjamin Walker, which allowed both men to live with him and not run afoul of any laws governing morality. In 1740 Steuben’s father returned to Prussia and Friedrich was educated in the garrison towns Neisse and Breslau by Jesuits. In fact, on his way to Valley Forge to report to Washington, von Steuben met William North, an officer in the Continental Army. Copyright © 2020 The History Junkie | Bamboo on Trellis Framework by Mediavine, How To Understand the 1790 Federal Census, All Things Liberty – Impact of Baron Von Steuben, Find A Grave – Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, The Drillmaster of Valley Forge: The Baron de Steuben and the Making of the American Army, The History Junkie’s Guide to American Revolutionary War, The History Junkie’s Guide to Revolutionary War Generals, Eight Reasons The Americans Won The Revolutionary War, Middle Colonies Facts, Economy, and Influence, Baron Von Steuben’s Revolutionary War Drill Manual: A Facsimile Reprint of the 1794 Edition (Dover Military History, Weapons, Armor). In 1777, he traveled to France, where he heard talk of glories and riches to be won in a revolution across the Atlantic Ocean. His father was an engineer in the Prussian army and von Steuben spent his early years in Russia, returning to Germany at age ten. Von Steuben's efforts were not just confined to the battlefield. Von Stueben was educated in a Jesuit school in Breslau and after graduation, he joined the military. Baron von Steuben drilling American recruits at Valley Forge in 1778. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. He enforced the keeping of exact records and strict inspections. He wrote Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States, the book that served as standard United States drill manual until the Civil War. Steuben became aware of the “administrative incompetence, graft, war profiteering” that existed. September 1730 in Magdeburg, Herzogtum Magdeburg; † 28. With the prince short on funds, he accompanied him to France in 1771 with the hope of securing a loan. Steuben picked 120 men from various regiments, to form an honor guard for General Washington, and used them to demonstrate military training to the rest of the troops. Baron Von Steuben never publicly denied being a homosexual. 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